The Militant Socialist Movement is the largest single political party in the National Assembly of Mauritius, winning 42 of the 69 seats in the 2019 general elections. It also holds the largest number of seats in all city/town councils through the country with 60 councilors out of 120.
The MSM was founded in 1983 by Sir Anerood Jugnauth, who was Prime Minister three times, for a total of sixteen years (1982–1995, 2000–2003, and again since 2014). He was also President from 2003 to 2012. He led the MSM from 1983 to 2003, when his son Pravind Jugnauth, officially assumed the leadership. Pravind Jugnauth served as Vice Prime Minister in his father's cabinet. Other members of the Jugnauth family have also been politically active, including Lall Jugnauth (a former Attorney General), Ashok Jugnauth (former Minister of Health) and Maya Hanoomanjee (also former Minister of Health).
As of 2021, the front bench of the MSM is composed of four members, namely Pravind Jugnauth (Leader), Maneesh Gobin (Secretary General), Joe Lesjongard (President), and Leela Devi Dookhun (Vice President).